Car paint is typically paint meant for decorative purposes on cars for both decoration and protection purposes. Water-based acrylic lacquer or water-based polyurethane are the two most common paints for such purposes, primarily because of their environmental friendliness. These paints are less toxic and pose less threat to the environment compared to the other kinds of paints. However, even when we talk of highly toxic paints, there are certain paints which are still acceptable in certain situations. To find out what paint meets your requirements, please read below.
Automotive paint contains three main components – additives, suspension and clearants. The primary component, usually called the solvent, is water – clear, colorless and non-toxic. The additives are pigments and the suspension is additives like oils, waxes, hydrocarbons and solvents. Solvent-free car paint contains the main active ingredients – zinc oxide, copper oxide, lead, epoxy and sodium silicates.
The next step in the paint application process is the preparation of the paint. For clear coats, preparation includes painting the exterior of the car and priming. The car paint application is done with a brush or roller. There are various types of brushes and roller available in the market.
For the purpose of appearance, most of us opt for classic auto paints. This means that the traditional colors are generally bright and the vehicles appear elegant and unique. It is a good idea to paint old vehicles because these will look more appealing. There are several automotive base coat paints available in the market.
The variety and quantity of these paints may overwhelm you. However, if you are a professional and if you understand the various car paints available, it is not a difficult task. You can easily find the pigments required according to your needs. The most important thing is to get the pigments from a reputed car paint shop. Only a reputed car paint shop can ensure that you get the exact color and quality.
If you want to create a matte look, then you should opt for acrylics instead of oil paints. You have the option of either mixing acrylics or oil. Acrylics are lighter and give a nice visual effect. In fact, acrylic urethane is also known as ‘ink’ and is very similar to acrylics. The only difference is that urethane is easier to use than acrylics, but it is much heavier and needs a larger surface area to create the effects.
The classic car paint option for enamels is liquid acrylic enamel. This gives a very rich and thick luster to the paint, which gives it a long time protection. Liquid enamel tends to dry out faster than other types of paint and needs to be thinned out more often. You have to ensure that you allow the paint to dry thoroughly before applying it to your car.
If you want an oily look, then water-based paints would be the ideal choice. A water-based paint provides very good coverage and it dries very fast. However, it is always advised to apply thin coats of water-based paint. It will prevent the paint from drying too quickly. When you choose this type of automotive paint, you need to ensure that the solvent you are using is approved by the state.
For people who live in areas where there is a lot of acid rain, then clear coat car paint is definitely a wise option. A clear coat is a paint that is coated with an acid-resistant compound. The compound will allow the paint to repel any acid molecules that may be present. This option is very helpful if you live in a place where acid rain is common. However, you will have to spend more money to purchase this type of auto paint as it costs more than clear coat car paint.
If you want a high gloss finish, then clear coat is not the choice for you. However, there is an option called electrostatic pre-primer. This is an inexpensive type of paint and is recommended for normal cars. It is not advisable for those cars that are in mint condition and those that already have a well-finished base coat.
There are also two types of metallic paints available. These are regular acrylics and metallic paint. The acrylics are easier to apply and there is no need for a clear coat. Metallic paints on the other hand, take quite some time to dry and may not always come with an easy to follow instruction manual. Before you start painting your car with metallic paints, make sure that you know everything about these paints and their application.